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Good You Tube link on how to write a Bibliography using the reference function in Word 2007

A BIBLIOGRAPHY is a list of resources you have used in your research.

The aim of a bibliography is:

HOW TO WRITE A BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR BOOKS This information can usually be found on the first two pages of a book.

Examples: (note punctuation):

Marotta, Helen, Examining Rules and Laws, South Melbourne : Macmillan, 1996

Author: Surname first, then initial or first name Title underlined or in italics Place of publication Publisher Year of publication

Dungworth, R. and Wingate, P., The Usborne Book of Famous Women, London : Usborne, 1996


For articles in books: For articles in newspapers, magazines, journals: Examples:

Davis, L., "Rights Replacing Needs" in Hauritz, M., Justice for People with Disabilities, Sydney : Federation Press, 1998

O'Malley, Chris, "Apocalypse Not", Time, 15 June, 1998, pp.14-18

Busfield, Wendy, "VCE Switch", Herald Sun, 17 June, 1998, p. 2


For pamphlets, you should include at least:

Example: Office of Fair Trading and Business Affairs, Tenants : Understanding your Rights and Responsibilities, nd.


For sources such as videos, you should provide:

Examples: Video Education Australia, The Small Business Case Files, Part 1, nd.

The Science Show, 3 AR, 02-07-88 (Entire program)

"Incidence of Employment", Four Corners, ABC 19-08-96 (Segment of program)

(Adult Literacy) Sixty Minutes, GTV 9, 10-07-88 (If no formal title is supplied, the writer may supply a title in brackets)


The Internet is relatively new as a research source, so conventions for citing material may vary. It is suggested that you include:


The author, if identified, may be found at the beginning or the end of online information

The "electronic address" of the resource should appear exactly as it does online

Examples: (Web site:) "Boots for Hiking", http://www.blundstone.com.au (collected 14/7/98)

(E-mail address): jstone@morris.edu.au (collected 19/6/97)


You should include:

Example: Smith, John, "Antarctica", Microsoft Encarta (CD ROM), 1996


In-text footnotes are used to:

Footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page.

Footnote numbers should continue consecutively throughout the essay or piece of work.

FIRST FOOTNOTE REFERENCE for books, articles, pamphlets, audiovisual sources, Internet sources, CD ROMs:

Use the same format as for a Bibliography, but add page number or numbers (p. or pp.) after other information.


    1. Schlegel, N. Research and Study Skills Guide for Senior Students, Burwood, Vic. : Beri Publishing, 1990 p. 34

After the first footnote reference it is not necessary to repeat all the information in other references to the same work.

If a footnote refers to the same work (eg. book, article, Internet site etc.) as the footnote before, use ibid. (Latin, meaning "in the same place"). If the footnote refers to a different page or volume of the same work, this information follows ibid. and a comma.

    1. Schlegel, N. Research and Study Skills Guide for Senior Students. Burwood, Vic. : Beri Publishing, 1990 p. 34(first reference in footnote)
    2. Ibid. (same work and page as in footnote immediately preceding)
    3. Ibid., pp. 35-36 (same work as footnote immediately preceding, but different pages)
    4. Op. Cit. (Latin, meaning "in the work quoted") after the author's surname may be used when referring to a work already used, but not in the immediately preceding footnote.
  •             Example: Schlegel, op. cit., p. 69
    (same work as previously cited, but not in footnote immediately preceding)
  • NB:For Internet and CD ROM sources, no page numbers can be given because the text isn't divided into pages.

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